To approach the central problem of consciousness from the position of natural science properly, we have first develop and apply proper methods of study and means of formalization. We should not forget that in case of consciousness, we simultaneously use our consciousness as a tool and as an object of study.
I hold that both “the nature of the world around us” and our consciousness obey the same fundamental natural law. This means that we can know about the outer world through studying our consciousness. This also explains why the very process of cognition is possible, or why we are able to perceive the elements of outer world. For instance, the notes C, C#(Db), D, D#(Eb), E, F, F#(Gb), G, G#(Ab), A, A#(Bb), and B form a 12-tone row, or a chain of sounds. On the other hand, the process of thinking also presumes formation of the chains of integrated information systems. That is why we are able to perceive not only the sounds (as physical signals), but music as such. And that is also why music can “play” in our head, so to say. And that is why we feel uncomfortable when we hear the gamut that misses any sound, or some sound is not the one that has to be there.
In fact, the formulated above is the Second basic idea of my meta-theory (http://generaltheory.webs.com/GeneralTheory.pdf Section 2.6). The first one states that Reality can be explained in its all complexity (together with all phenomena and processes that belong to it) in case we will use the methods (laws) of Physics together with the methods (laws) based on the idea of integrated information system. The third basic idea addresses the question of relation between Phenomenal Reality and Noumenal Reality (see ibid., Section 4.2). In simple terms, it examines to which extent the model of Reality we form due to conducting the process of cognition corresponds with Reality as it exists objectively and independently of the process of cognition.
By the way, I am looking for a person(s) who is not able keeping long time the focus of attention on some performing action. Simply speaking, I mean the persons who (being absent-minded by their very nature) can quickly forget about what they are doing now, and start thinking involuntarily about something else. I want to suggest them to replicate an experiment on calculating the length of veritas chains (see ibid., p.46-47). To do science means doing experiments, doesn’t it?